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Pobyarzhin V.V., Pashinskaya Е.S., Semenov V.M., Dmitrachenko T.I., Shlyakhtunov E.A.
Morphological and physiological characteristics of cancer cells in mammals (literature review)
Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University, Vitebsk, Republic of Belarus

Vestnik VGMU. 2016;15(6):28-40.

Cancer, malignant tumors and neoplasms, oncologic diseases are a general term for a large group of illnesses that can affect any part of the body. Their characteristic feature is the appearance and rapid division of abnormal cells with possible further advection beyond their usual boundaries into other organs and tissues.
The main types of cancer which are most frequently reported include: lung cancer (1,4-1,5 million deaths per year), stomach cancer (740 000 deaths per year), colon cancer (610 000 deaths), liver cancer (700 000 deaths), breast cancer (460 000 deaths). More than 70% of all deaths from malignant neoplasms occurred in low and mean income countries (WHO, 2015).
During the development and the so-called “parasitism” of cancer cells the violations of the integrity of homeostatic processes that support the functioning of the organism are observed. It is characterized by the  immunosuppression, ectopic endocrine syndromes development, tumor cells capture of the most important substrates and metabolites (amino acids, lipoproteins, vitamins  (groups B and C), antioxidants and glucose). All this is accompanied by the stress influence on the body, morphological manifestations with irreversible consequences on untimely intervention.
Key words: cancer, morphology, physiology, atypicalness, oncoproteins, human being, tumors.


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Information about authors:
PobyarzhinV.V. – Candidate of Biological Sciences, associate professor, doctoral candidate of the Chair of Infectious Diseases, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University;
Pashinskaya Е.S – Candidate of Biological Sciences, associate professor of the Chair of Medical Biology & General Genetics, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University;
Semenov V.M. – Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor, head of the Chair of Infectious Diseases, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University;
Dmitrachenko T.I. – Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor of the Chair of Infectious Diseases, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University;
Shlyakhtunov E.A. – Candidate of Medical Sciences, associate professor of the Chair of Oncology with the courses of Radiation Diagnosing & Radiation Therapy of the Faculty for Advanced Training & Retraining, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University.

Correspondence address: Republic of Belarus, 210023, Vitebsk, 27 Frunze ave., Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University, Chair of Infectious Diseases. E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. – Pobyarzhin Vyacheslav V.

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