Increasing cognitive activity and independence of students while teaching topographic anatomy and operative surgery to them
Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University, Vitebsk, Republic of Belarus
Vestnik VGMU. 2021;20(2):94-103.
Objectives. To identify possible pedagogical conditions and methodological techniques of effective teaching influence on the increasing of the cognitive activity and independence (CAI) of students while acquiring and deepening their knowledge in topographic anatomy and operative surgery. Scientific analysis of psychological, pedagogical literature and personal experience shows that the problem of improving the forms and methods of educational work aimed at the increasing of the CAI of students in the process of studying the discipline is always before the teachers. While solving it, there are certain difficulties that many teachers associate with a low level of secondary education obtained, the complexity of the material studied, the admission to the university by means of testing, laziness of students, etc. The experience of the methods used and analyzed by the author shows ample opportunities for improving the cognitive activity of students, taking into account their individual interests and abilities to accumulate professional knowledge. Attention is paid to the implementation of a practice-oriented approach in teaching in combination with a systematic, creative, research, individual one, etc. to ensure the proportionate development of students’ theoretical and practical level of knowledge. A certain range of components of the conditions and factors of the educational process, in which there will be a close, bilateral, interested and productive educational activity of a student and a teacher, promoting the achievement of high educational results is shown.
Key words: cognitive activity, independence, pedagogy, functional thinking, clinical thinking, interest in cognition, teaching methods.
1. Konevalova NIu, Gorodetckaia IV, Kugach VV, Kabanova SA. V: Belorus gos med un-t; Reutskaia LA, red. Innovative pedagogical developments of teachers of the Faculty of Pharmacy, UO VSMU. Aktual'nye voprosy farmatsii Respubliki Belarus': sb tr 9-go s"ezda farmatsevt rabotnikov Resp Belarus', Minsk, 22 apr 2016 g: v 2 ch. Minsk, RB: BGMU; 2016. Ch 1. Р. 147-50. (In Russ.)
2. Konevalova NIu, Gorodetckaia IV, Kabanova SA, Kugach VV. Study of the formation of students' professional competence. Vestn VGMU. 2015;14(5):121-7. (In Russ.)
3. Bochkareva TN. Cognitive activity of university students as a psychological and pedagogical problem. Sovrem Issled Sotsial Problem. 2017;8(1):18-31. (In Russ.)
4. Deikalo VP, Konevalova NIu, Shchupakova AN, Kuntcevich ZS, Semenov VM, Sergievich AV. Pedagogical diagnostics of the quality of the educational process in a medical university. Vestn VGMU. 2010;9(1):177-86. (In Russ.)
5. Asilderova MM, Agaragimova VK, Gasanova PG. Motivational basis of educational activity and cognitive activity of the personality of students. Problemy Sovrem Ped Obrazovaniia. 2016;52(7):33-9. (In Russ.)
6. Bolgar NN, Solovev TV. Cognitive activity of students in the SVE system as an indicator of quality. Problemy Sovrem Ped Obrazovaniia. 2019;63(2):69-72. (In Russ.)
7. Bakhaeva TN. Cognitive activity of students as a determinant of professional competence of future specialists. Molodoi Uchenyi. 2010;15(4):305-8. (In Russ.)
8. Shchastnyi AT, Konevalova NIu, Gorodetckaia IV, Kozlovskaia SP, Pobiarzhin VV. Analysis of the assessment of the level of professional orientation of junior students of the medical faculty. Vestn VGMU. 2018;17(3):103-6. (In Russ.)
9. Bidova BB. Cognitive activity of students as a psychological and pedagogical problem. Obrazovanie Vospitanie. 2016;(2):64-6. (In Russ.)
10. Gorodetckaia IV, Konevalova NIu, Zakharevich VG. Research of situational and personal anxiety of students. Vestn VGMU. 2019;18(5):120-7. (In Russ.)
11. Gorodetckaia IV, Solodovnikova OI. Assessment of the level of educational stress among VSMU students. Vestn VGMU. 2016;15(2):118-28. (In Russ.)
12. Asmolovskii AV, Shamatkova SV. Features of teaching operational surgery and topographic anatomy at the present stage. Vestn VGMU. 2019;18(5):114-9. (In Russ.)
13. Gorodetckaia IV, Zakharevich VG. Assessment of factors that positively and negatively affect student performance. Vestn VGMU. 2016;15(4):122-8. (In Russ.)
14. Kupchenko AM, Stanovenko VV, Sharkova LI. Practice-oriented technologies for teaching foreign students at the Department of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy. Vestn VGMU. 2019;18(1):117-8. (In Russ.)
15. Samsonova IV, Burak GG. Establishment and development of interdisciplinary connections in the formation of clinical thinking based on academic competencies in a medical university. Vestn VGMU. 2018;17(4):84-9. (In Russ.)
16. Lazuko SS, Gorodetckaia IV, Iatckovskaia NM. The development of students' research skills is the first step towards the implementation of the "University 3.0" model. V: M-vo zdravookhraneniia Respubliki Belarus', UO "Vitebskii gos ordena Druzhby narodov med un-t"; Shchastnyi AT, red. Meditsinskoe obrazovanie XXI veka: razrabotka modeli "Universitet 3.0" [Elektronnyi resurs]: sb materialov mezhdunar nauch-prakt konf, Vitebsk, 1 noiab, 2019 g. Vitebsk, RB: VGMU; 2019. R. 39-40. 1 elektron opt disk (CD-ROM). Zagl s etiketki diska. (In Russ.)
Information about authors:
Ovsyanik D.M. – senior lecturer of the Chair of Operative Surgery & Topographic Anatomy, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University,