The peculiarities of cephalometric parameters in men and women aged 17-24 years depending on the type of dental arch relationship anomalies
Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University, Vitebsk, Republic of Belarus
Vestnik VGMU. 2016;15(6):84-91.
Objectives. To study the prevalence and structure of dentomaxillary anomalies, to define the peculiarities of cephalometric characteristics in humans of both genders at the age of 17-24 years depending on the type of dental arch relationship anomalies.
Material and methods. The measurement of the cranial and facial head parts parameters in 250 youths aged 17-21 years, 150 men aged 22-24 years, 200 girls aged 17-20 years and 200 women aged 21-24 years was taken. The cephalometric evaluation was performed using the V.V. Bunak’s method in compliance with all demands and recommendations required for carrying out anthropometric researches. Anthropometric study consisted in the measurement of 17 facial head part parameters between the main points when positioning the head in the Frankfurt horizontal plane. The stomatological examination of 800 people including the evaluation of the status of dentomaxillary system according to the scheme proposed by F. Y. Khoroshilkina was conducted. The statistical analysis of the study results was made using the analytical package «Statistica» (Version 10).
Results. Malocclusions in sagittal and vertical plane – distal and deep over bite, prevail in the structure of dentomaxillary anomalies in men and women aged 17-24 years. Multiple correlations were revealed, that allow to assume the presence of interrelation between the cephalometric parameter values and types of dentomaxillary anomalies. It has been determined that in males and females aged 17-24 years with distal occlusion the values of inferior physiognomic and inferior morphological height of the face are lower than those in humans with neutral dental arch relationship. It has been revealed that the values of mandible body height in males and females aged 17-24 years with deep over bite are lower than those in humans with neutral incisal overlap.
Conclusions. The detected peculiarities of cephalometric parameters in humans of both genders aged 17-24 years depending on the type of dental arch relationship anomalies can be used as additional criteria in the diagnosis of dentomaxillary anomalies, as well as in the esthetic results simulation of their treatment.
Key words: malocclusions, cephalometric parameter, physiognomic height of the face, mandibular body height.
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Information about authors:
Kuz’menko Y.V. – senior teacher of the Chair of Pediatric Dentistry & Maxillofacial Surgery, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University.