Rules for the authors
Manuscripts must be in Russian (but foreign authors can present their manuscripts in English). The volume of full-sized original articles should be at least 0,35 of authors sheet (14,000 typographical units including gaps between words, punctuation marks, numbers and others), this volume corresponds to 8 pages of text printed in 2 line spacing. Brief communications must contain 3 pages, reviews – 15 pages.
A manuscript should include the following elements: title page; abstract (summary); name and initials of the author(s), title, introduction, main part, conclusion, list of references.
The main part of a full-sized original article should include the following subdivisions: "Information and Methods", "Results", "Discussion". The structure of the main part of the other types of articles can be determined by the authors. The authors are recommended to use subtitles in extensive articles.
The title page should contain:
- the title of the article;
- surnames, names, patronymics
- the official names of the institutions where the work has been performed;
- the information about the authors;
- the information of the source of support in the form of grants, equipment, medicinal drugs; the Declaration of no conflict;
- the information on the amount of pages, illustrations and tables;
- the correspondence address.
The title of an article should be as short and informative as possible and should state accurately the content of the article. The keywords for indexing must be chosen in accordance with the list of Medical Subject Headings that are accepted in Index Medicus. The information about the authors must include surnames, names, patronymics of the authors, academic degrees and titles, appointments, name of present employers (name of institution, department, office). The address for correspondence must include the work postcode and address, phone numbers, e-mail address of the author with whom the editorial correspondence should be done. The address for correspondence is published with the article.
The structured annotation (abstract) of an original scientific article must include the sections "Objective", "Information and Methods", "Results" and "Conclusion" in Russian and in English (200-250 words), contain clear statement of contents of the article, be suitable for publication separately from the article and include the keywords (no more than 6) that allow to index this article. Annotations of the other types of articles (brief communications, reviews, single case reports) are not structured, the volume of them should be at least 100-150 words. The annotation in English must include the names and initials of the authors in English. Annotations, keywords in Russian and in English, information about the authors and bibliographic lists are posted on the journal's website, indexed and kept in the electronic information database.
The section "Introduction" of an original article should include the brief overview of the literature on the given problem, statement of the problems that have been not solved before, formulization and grounding of the purpose of the work and if necessary the connection of the problem to the important scientific and practical research areas. The analysis of the sources used during the preparation of a scientific article should help to define the level of the author’s knowledge of the scientific achievements in the corresponding scientific areas. References to the works of the other authors are obligatory, including references to the recent publications and foreign publications in this research area.
The section "Material and Methods" should contain the detailed description of the targets of the research, the used methods, the equipment, the diagnostic and medical technologies. The author(s) must give references to the research techniques. If the diagnostic or therapeutic methods of a clinical research do not correspond to standard procedures, the author(s) should provide the approval of the ethics committee of the institution where the work has been performed and the information on the conformability with the Declaration of Helsinki, 1975. It is prohibited to include in the articles the information that allows to identify the personality of patient (to mention names and initials of patients, registration numbers of clinical records). The identity of patient must not be established with photos also. The authors should inform the patient (his/her parents, guardians) about the possible publication of the materials with the singularity of his/her disease and the applied methods of the diagnosis and the treatment, should provide safeguards of the guarantee of confidentiality when placing the information in printed and electronic publications, and also should inform them that this information will be available in Internet after the publication. Together with the article the authors must provide the editor the written informed consent of the patient for dissemination of information and write about it in the article. When describing experiments on animals the authors must place in an article the information about the conformability of keeping and usage of laboratory animals with the international, national rules of the ethic treatment to animals. In the end of the section the author should describe the detailed methods of statistical analysis.
The section "Results" should contain the detailed description of the content of the research and the results of the research with the maximum usage of pictures and tables. If necessary the section can be divided to sub-sections (sub-sections should have headings).
The section "Discussion" should contain the discussion of the findings in the context of the scientific novelty of them and the comparison of the findings with the corresponding known data.
The conclusions should be defined clearly and contain brief information about the main findings together with the information about the novelty, the advantages and the possibility of application of them.
The authors are allowed to use only conventional symbols and acronyms. The abbreviations must be deciphered after the first occurrence of them in the text (this rule concerns structural abstracts also). The usage of acronyms in the titles is possible only in absolutely necessary cases. All the values are stated in the units of the International System (SI). Only international nonproprietary names of drugs can be used.
The lists of references must be recorded in accordance with Vancouver style. The names of journals must be abbreviated in accordance with Index Medicus. The initials and the surnames of all the authors must be mentioned. The authors can find the samples of bibliographic description of the used literature on the journal's website. This list is printed as a separate section of the manuscript. The references are numbered in the order of their appearance in the text. The serial numbers of references should be written within square brackets (e.g. [1, 2]). It is desirable if the authors of original articles would refer to not more than 15 books and the authors of reviews – to not more than 50. The authors are not allowed to refer to auto abstracts of thesis researches and dissertations because they are manuscripts. The references to theses and articles in small-circulation local collections can be used only in absolutely necessary cases. The authors are absolutely responsible for the accuracy and completeness of all the references. The editorial board makes mandatory review of all the references in order to minimize the possibility of publishing incomplete or inaccurate information.
For preparing the text on a computer the authors must use the programs Microsoft Word. The text should have the following margins: top margins – 2 cm, bottom margins – 2 cm, left margins – 2 cm, right margins – 2 cm. The manuscript is typed in 1,5-spacing with fat typed titles and sub titles. All the pages starting with the title page must be sequentially numbered.
The tables should be typed on a separate sheet of paper in double spacing, have a title and bottom notes (if necessary). The place for a table in the text should be marked with a box on the left margin and the number of the table in this box.
The illustrations, the formulas, the equations and the bottom notes of the article should be numbered in accordance with the order of the appearance in the text. The names of tables and pictures should not be reduced. The names of statistical indicators must be given directly in the tables (in the titles of rows or columns). Figure captions are printed in double-spaced way on a separate sheet of paper. Sheets with captions are not fastened to the pictures themselves. The format of the pictures can be TIFF, JPEG, CDR; the resolution must be at least 300 dpi. The diagrams that are made in MS Excel must be transferred to the format .xls and to the format of pictures, it allows to carry out prepress of them. The diagrams are printed using monochrome printing, so it is desirable to use patterned filling of objects and different types of lines for the design of diagrams.
The article should be carefully edited and verified. The manuscript should be initialed by all the authors. This means that all the authors take responsibility for the content of the publication.
In exceptional cases, in order to assess the authenticity of the results, the editors can request for the copies of the documents confirming represented information.