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Vykhrystsenka L.R., Schastlivenko A.I., Prakoshyna N.R.
The immune system impact on the development of arterial hypertension. Literature review
Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University, Vitebsk, Republic of Belarus

Vestnik VGMU. 2019;18(4):17-27.

The article presents modern studies on the role of the immune system in the pathogenesis of arterial hypertension (AH). Many scientific researches have improved the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of hypertension development and made it possible to evaluate the contribution of factors and cells of innate immunity, such as the complement system, antigen-presenting cells, and pattern recognition receptors; and those of adaptive immunity represented by B- and T-lymphocytes, including subpopulations of T-helper (Th) type 1, Th2, Th17, T-regulatory cells, T-cytotoxic cells; as well as cytokines that regulate the immune response through intercellular and intersystemic interaction.
The results of this literature review convincingly indicate that modulation of the immune response may reduce the risk of arterial hypertension development and target-organ damage. Several clinical studies in this field, conducted recently enable the prognostication of the introduction of results and achievements from general immunology into clinical medicine.
Key words: arterial hypertension, angiotensin II, innate immunity, adaptive immunity, cytokines.


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Information about authors:
Vykhrystenka L.R. – Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor, head of the General Practitioner Chair with the course of Outpatient Therapy, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University;
Schastlivenko A.I. – Candidate of Medical Sciences, associate professor of the General Practitioner Chair with the course of Outpatient Therapy, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University;
Prakoshyna N.R. – Candidate of Medical Sciences, associate professor of the Chair of General and Clinical Pharmacology with the course of the Faculty for Advanced Training & Retraining, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University.

Correspondence address: Republic of Belarus, 210009, Vitebsk, 27 Frunze ave., Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University, General Practitioner Chair with the course of Outpatient Therapy. E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. – Andrei I. Schastlivenko.

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