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Volkava M.V.1, Kundzer A.V.1, Konevalova N.Y.2, Frolova A.V.2
Rheumatoid arthritis: socio-economic significance and modern approaches to the immunopathogenetic treatment
1Belarusian Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education, Minsk, Republic of Belarus
2Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University, Vitebsk, Republic of Belarus

Vestnik VGMU. 2020;19(6):20-30.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common and severe chronic autoimmune disease. RA is characterized by a negative impact on the duration and quality of life, work activity of the patients, and significant material costs of the health care system. Early detection and treatment for RA is important to reduce the negative consequences of the disease. With this purpose new classification criteria have been developed that make it possible to diagnose RA at an early stage, and a clear therapeutic strategy «treatment to the goal» has been formulated. This review summarizes current information about the prevalence and socio-economic significance of RA. Principles of the international law concerning the treatment of the disease and the definition of concepts related to biological therapy of RA are given. The main biologics used for the treatment of RA in the Republic of Belarus are characterized.
Key words: rheumatoid arthritis, prevalence, socio-economic significance, treatment, biological therapy, biologics.


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Information about authors:
Volkava M.V. – Candidate of Medical Sciences, associate professor of the Chair of Cardiology & Rheumatology, Belarusian Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education;
Kundzer A.V. – Doctor of Medical Sciences, professor of the Chair of Cardiology & Rheumatology, Belarusian Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education;
Konevalova N.Y. – Doctor of Biological Sciences, professor of the Chair of General & Clinical Biochemistry with the course of the Faculty for Advanced Training & Retraining, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University;
Frolova A.V. – Doctor of Biological Sciences, professor of the Chair of Clinical Microbiology, Vitebsk State Order of Peoples’ Friendship Medical University.

Correspondence address: Republic of Belarus, 220013, Minsk, 3-3 P. Brovki str., Belarusian Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education, Chair of Cardiology & Rheumatology. E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. – Marharyta V. Volkava.

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